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Whether you are planning to pursue a career within or beyond academia, teaching provides valuable transferable and applicable skills. This session will explore ways to think and talk about these competences when planning for your future career.
By the end of the session you will be able to identify a range of transferable skills gained through your teaching activities and have had a chance to reflect on how to articulate them in different professional contexts.
just sitting here, I ain’t saying much I just think
And my eyes don’t move left or right they just
thought I’d start my 11th and final episode of the blog series with
a Dizzee Rascal quote, because as I was reflecting on the day, whilst grabbing
some lunch, these words came to mind.
Today, this instant, this very moment, is the last office session. At 5pm, 10 groups will hand in 10 reports and the unit will be over for the year. I am hoping for some help whilst I shift all the furniture that I have begged, borrowed and stolen back around the building and then hopefully it’s off to the pub for a swift celebratory beer for a job well done.
reason Dizzee’s words came to me is that every week the office has been a busy,
noisy, buzzing space, but today is different. Everyone is working hard. Really
hard. Because it’s deadline day. And I still have a few questions to answer,
but mostly people know what they are doing and where they are going they just
need to get there. And so I am, for the first time all year, able to sit in
‘The Office’ and write my blog post. I don’t intend on being overly long but I
thought I might reflect back on the 10 weeks.
mentioned last week, after each session I write a short reflection on the day
as I take the train back home to Bath. Re-reading these reflections now a few
things strike me:
attendance. Attendance has been outstanding. Every week everyone has come for
most of the day. Occasionally a few people are late in. And there were a few
times when people were ill or had other commitments. But overall the attendance
on this unit has been better than any I can ever remember running.
The space has worked well. Students would like even more desk space, but other
than that, this dreary flatbed lecture room is weekly transformed into a
buzzing office (see the video), with people working hard and discussing timber
engineering. Asking each other sensible questions.
I selected the groups for this unit and so they were pushed into groups with
people they hadn’t worked with before. This isn’t a new thing for our students,
but most years I have at least a few complaints about teams. This year there
have been none. And as I look around I can see diverse groups of students, some
of whom are studying on different degree programmes, and who, for the most part
have never worked together, collaborating to create something great.
One of the most striking things about ‘The Office’ is how much it sounds like
an office. Every week in my reflections I’ve noted it. That busy bustling
sound. Even without the pictures on the wall, and the breakout space, and the
boards to hide the lectern and extra seats, and the plants by the entrance, and
the tea point! Even without any of these other features that differentiate this
space from any other flatbed teaching space, it sounds like an office. It
doesn’t sound like a lecture theatre, which is both quieter when I’m speaking
and much noisier when I’m not. Neither does it sound like a work space where
students are all working on their own. Instead it has that unmistakable hubbub
of people collaborating and working together. I took a very short snippet of
this, and you can hear the sound of ‘The Office’ for yourself.
Every week we have had an external speaker come and give a lunch time talk.
These are not lectures, they are designed instead to replicate the weekly
lunchtime talks my old business’s organised when I worked in industry. They
have covered a wide selection of different areas of timber engineering and have
been well attended and well received by the students. My only thought for next
year was to ensure a higher proportion of female speakers, the unit was taken
by more than 40% female students and so it would be good to have 3-4 of the 7
speakers as female, rather than the one we had this year.
Cake. Cake for my birthday was a real highlight (for me at least). My wife and son made it. So next year I need to move the office day to a Saturday so it coincides with my birthday again.
So the last point was a joke (about teaching on Saturday – my Saturdays are
already busy, what with running, coffee, taking my son to rugby, watching Bath
rugby, cooking Saturday night tea, watching Strictly, there is no way I could
squeeze the office in as well!) As was the below that I found on one of my
architecture magazines. A joke I very much enjoyed, and I hope you do to.
And I just discovered why it is so quiet in the office today, most groups have moved up the corridor to one of our new group work teaching spaces where there are large touchscreen computers, ideal for the final edit of the report as the group collaborate and agree content and presentation together. Another new teaching space being put to good use by our students.
So in conclusion, I have really enjoyed teaching this unit in a
different way. I hope that my students have found it just as beneficial (I suspect
only time will tell on that front) and I am looking forward to delivering the
unit in the same way again next year (but hopefully with all the books I have
written to make it happen published and in the library).
So until next time goodbye and thank you for reading my weekly blog,
it’s been great fun sharing all my different thoughts on teaching and I really
hope you have enjoyed reading it as much as I have enjoyed writing it.
So before we go any further, a serious health warning, if you are the sort of person who feels the need to reach for the sick bucket whenever you hear self-congratulation then you may prefer to skip this episode all together, because over the next few paragraphs there is going to be A LOT of trumpet blowing. I am not kidding.
You have been warned.
Our students are amazing. I mean my students, my Civil Engineering
Incredible. Just this year Amy won the regional heats of the Women in Property Student
Awards and Grace won the regional heats of the ICE (Institute of Civil
Engineers) Emerging Engineers award and was runner-up in the final against two
graduates who had been working for a few years (and she was a finalist in
another award, along with yet another of our students). And neither of them
If you think this is a blip, you’re wrong, our graduates had such an
amazing run of winning the NCE graduate of the year award
that I fear that subsequent, also just-as-amazing, graduates may have been
But it’s not just the odd student, it’s all of them. Bristol Civil
Engineering graduates are amazing. I know this because I have a long list of
employers who tell me. One was recently telling me how impressed they were by
the recent Bristol Graduate they had employed and how seamlessly they had moved
into the role of graduate engineer, successfully taking on jobs he would expect
an engineer with a few years’ experience to do.
And this has nothing to do with ‘The Office’- not a sausage- because all
of these things have already happened. They happened before I started The Office
I was having a really interesting conversation with Stuart (who is the
Director of Careers Services), and it struck me how I had presented The Office
as something different, maybe even something special. That it was possible to
read all the blog posts and think that it exists in isolation. It was possible
to think it worked because of my hard work and enthusiasm and not realise
everyone else in my department (and school) is similarly hard-working and
enthusiastic. That when my students enter The Office, they are ready. They have
learnt to work in teams. They have become self-motivated and self-actuated
learners. They know what it means to take on a wicked problem, to consider
options, to put their new found learning into a context.
A few months ago, I emailed a graduate and asked them to finish the
following sentence as part of updating our website.
“In my current job…”
Their response is very telling…
“In my current job… as a structural engineer, I have been feeling no
difference than working on design project in the university but in more detail.”
That their work in industry, at a professional practice, where they are
being employed, feels like a continuation of working on the final design
project on their Civil Engineering degree. A project that has been running for
years, involves numerous industrial supervisors, and is a credit to our staff
In Jenni Case’s “Education Theories on Learning: an informal guide for
the engineering education scholar” tool 4 is all about ‘communities of
Communities of practice started off as an education theory where educators and
older students are at the centre of the community and that newer students are
at the edge but they are moving into the community. Jenni Case argues that in
an engineering sense industry and ‘practice’ is at the centre and students are
at the edge. That there is a language, a set of behaviours, a series of tools,
and that as students learn, they become more able to access the community, that
they are better prepared for practice.
I really like this idea. And I think that we have been embedding this
practice in our teaching in Civil Engineering for years. Whether in our
surveying field trip, or our professional practice unit, or our labs, or our
different design-focussed units, or our two programme-level assessments – one
that draws all that students have learnt and challenges them to go much deeper,
by carrying out a research project, presenting at a conference and writing a
journal paper –
the other that draws on all that students have learnt and challenges them to
work in mutli-disciplinary teams to take large and complex problems and solve
them both creatively and safely (this is the traditional engineering bit) – with
the projects mostly taken from engineering practices.
I also think that to try and teach, sorry, I mean lecture, on the
things students need to know to become more engaged with the community of
practice, is the wrong approach, that it’s by embedding this information into
our other teaching that it comes alive. That by looking at what we already
teach and reimagining the delivery, without changing the ‘knowledge’ content,
we can add so much more to the student’s experience.
So when Toby and Marnie (BILT Student Fellows) came to visit my students
in The Office and asked them about the experience,
my students were slightly non-plussed by their questions, because far from
feeling like a different approach to learning, working in groups on projects
felt very much like a natural continuation of everything that they had done
That we, the department of Civil Engineering, have worked hard to create
a course which develops ‘Emerging Engineers’. That when our students arrive,
normally from school but not always, they often don’t know what a noggin
is, or what units to use on a drawing, or that when we ask them to submit a
coursework with a specific file name we mean it. But as they develop, as they
draw into the engineering community, they become engineers.
However, it is important to note two things. Firstly, that I use the
phrase ‘emerging’ engineer because it takes the duration of our four-year
course for our students to transition from school pupils to engineers. This
requires careful planning and looking across the whole programme to find
opportunities for learning the skills required to be an engineer.
Secondly it is very much a team effort. That our department is a
community of practice. We talk together, support each other, make suggestions
and work collaboratively to make this happen. This point is really quite
important because if we were to deliver a unit in the style of the office
without all this collaboration and development of students I suspect the
outcome would be very different. That trying to embed authentic learning is not
something that can be done at unit level but needs to be considered and mapped
across the degree and that we appreciate the development of our engineers and
match our expectations accordingly.
I appreciate that I have barely mentioned the role of ‘The Office’ in
this post. I hope that it will play a small part in helping our engineers to
emerge. But really, I wanted everyone to be able to see the bigger picture. The
hard work of my colleagues. The breadth of considered pedagogy. That actually,
without The Office, I really think that we would still be helping them to
emerge as engineers, no wait, that’s not quite right, that we have already helped
hundreds and hundreds of students emerge as engineers. Engineers who are
working around the world right now, taking on big complex challenges and who
are thriving in what they are doing.
Next week is the penultimate episode – and we are not shying away from
exciting topics with a look at work-life balance.
PS, last week was my birthday so my amazing wife and son cooked cake which I brought in for all my employees. It was much appreciated by everyone!
note that 2 months ago I became School Education Director. I have no doubt that
the students and staff in my school are all equally brilliant and I hope, over
the coming years to blow many trumpets for all of them, but as I am new to this
role I mostly know about the students and staff in Civil Engineering and hence
I am focussing on them for this blog.
2012 to 2017 our students won three times and were runners up, commended or a
finalist a further three times!
 Jenni Case’s ‘Education Theories on Learning: an
informal guide for the engineering education scholar’ Tool 4: Community of
practice (Higher Education Academy, 2008)
 You may be interested
to know that a noggin is a small piece of timber placed between floor joists to
stop them rotating, the term has become popularised by the phrase ‘use your
noggin’ because not including them can lead to the floor collapsing
Amy Palmer, Toby Roberts and Marnie Woodmeade all visited James Norman’s ‘The Office’ project and have shared their experiences below.
looking forward to visiting James’ ‘Just Timber’ office since before the
concept had even come to fruition. Last year, while catching up over coffee,
James told me about his plan to turn on one his classrooms into an office, and
I was instantly excited. The project was a combination of all my favourite
pedagogies: active learning, blended learning, challenge-led learning,
authentic learning, group work… all coming together to form the ‘Just Timber’
office in 1.32 Queens Building.
‘Just Timber’ is a fictional engineering company James has created. His students (employees) were all set timber engineering design projects at the beginning of the unit and are working together to create real designs with real equations in an almost real-world environment. If you want to read more about the project so far, I highly recommend reading ‘The Office’ blog series .
A date was
set in the diary to visit, and I invited two of our Student Fellows to come
along and join me. And so, last Thursday, we went along and waited for James to
show up fifteen minutes late to our visit after almost forgetting we were
coming – helping further imitate the real-world, authentic environment (just
kidding) and heighten our anticipation further.
we arrived, we were not disappointed. We were welcomed by an offer of tea or
coffee (served in a ‘Just Timber’ mug, of course) and then proceeded to look
around the office and take it all in.
thing I was struck by was the buzz in the room. Not a noisy, can’t-do-any-work’
buzz, but the natural up-and-down of a genuine office environment, with
students in their groups switching between their sketching, calculations and
discussions with each other over how best to proceed in their projects. Barely
a glance was thrown in our direction when we bumbled into the room, the
students so engaged in their projects that they weren’t looking for
We had a
quick look around the office, admiring the various projects pinned on the wall,
and browsing the elegant engineering magazines by the break-out space. We then
proceeded to interrupt students by asking them questions about how they were
finding the unit and how it compared to others they were taking.
As you can
imagine, they loved it. Of course, they are students, and so the conversations
were not void of the odd grumble (nothing you wouldn’t expect from a unit being
run for the first time), but the overwhelming response was that they looked
forward to Thursdays – regardless of the fact they were spending eight hours in
the office – and that the learning they were doing there was both enjoyable,
challenging and reflective of an authentic engineering office environment. Some
of the students even ended the day with a traditional post-work trip to the
pub, further preparing them for life out working in the ‘real world’.
been keeping up with The Office blog series, you’ll know that students prepare
for their day’s work by watching videos James has created on their VLE, and then
come to work to study their projects. This means that time in class/ office is
dedicated purely to student-centred work with no didactic teaching. Students
highlighted that their favourite aspects of the unit were the group work
element, the room layout (large groupings of desks together), the
project-centred work and the fact that they had a day dedicated to the unit.
Student wouldn’t want all of their modules to run as full-day units,
however, but would have found a unit like this in their previous years of study
valuable and enjoyable and a great chance to get to know others in their
Just Timber office is a product of a great idea, hard work and dedication to a
new way of learning, and there are many lessons we can take away from designing
a unit in this way. Please get in touch with BILT if you’d like to learn more
about setting up a project similar to this in your unit.
I had an extremely positive outlook on
the Office before I even entered the building; the concept reflected the
challenge-led work that I only ever dreamed about during my undergrad. My
positivity was only enhanced by the almost immediate offer of cake and tea (an
important part of daily office life).
However, two pieces of feedback from
students struck me as unexpected. The first was that students said they
genuinely enjoyed being in the Office. Not merely that it was a great
educational experience, but they actually looked forward to coming in each day.
Having an open-plan office where interaction is encouraged clearly enabled
students to really enjoy their time there.
The other piece of feedback was perhaps
more sobering. One student pointed out that although they enjoyed the way the
office replicates an engineering company, a ‘real boss’ is unlikely to give
mass amounts of work on the same day that five of your other supervisors have
given you a deadline. In order for more projects like the Office to succeed,
students felt that communication between units is key. This not only has the
benefit of reducing their stress but treating students as valued workers
positively impacts their outlook on university.
One of the things that really struck me about the atmosphere in the Just Timber office (other than the delicious smell of cake courtesy of James’ wife and son) was how much it reminded me of a classroom. Not a school classroom – there wasn’t any paper being thrown around and James hadn’t sent me out to think about how my behaviour affects the rest of the class – but a calmer and more focused 6th Form classroom. And to me that’s a real positive. All of the ‘employees’ were clearly getting work done and you could tell there was a strong sense of purpose. But at the same time, they were relaxed and there was friendliness between them, and the noise of conversation was a world away from the awkward silence of lectures or the hyperactive buzz of a library in exam time.
However, I wasn’t there to drink in the atmosphere and reminisce about college. The students seemed more than happy to talk to us about the unit, and I think that was in part due to how much they enjoyed it. It was clear that the effort James had put into it had had an effect on them and their attitudes, but it had paid off in producing a rewarding learning experience.
One area that students weren’t
unanimous on was the intense one-day-a-week schedule. Some felt more
productive, others exhausted (there was a suggestion that maybe in the future
it could not be the day after sports night). However, one interesting element
to me was the effect on wellbeing. With so many units and assignments to
contend with at once it’s very easy to get overwhelmed as a student. Containing
the work within a single 9-5 day helps to compartmentalise and means there’s
one less thing to worry about for the rest of the week. Instead, something to
look forward to every Thursday.
This week in my blog I would like to talk about funding. How have I
funded my office project? Now, before we go any further, I would like to be honest;
I have very little experience in funding. I have never applied for a research
grant (although I have been a collaborator on one small proposal) and have had
a relatively unsuccessful run of applying for teaching grants. What I have done
is successfully apply for a teaching fellowship, and successfully applied for
£3k from my school. That’s it.
So, this week’s blog will be short and sweet.
But first a short bit of backstory…
In 2000, I graduated from Nottingham as a Civil Engineer and joined a company called ‘Whitby Bird’ where I designed buildings for three years. In 2003, I came to Bristol as an RA and worked on a research project for three years (whilst also gaining my PhD). In the first year of my contract I supported a member of staff as they taught how to design buildings out of steel and concrete. In the second year I taught the steel component. In the third year- well in the third year I wrote my PhD (which was super tough, especially as my second son was born just months before the final hand-in). In 2006/7, I was employed 2 days a week to teach both steel and concrete and spent my other three days designing buildings. From 2007-2014, I worked roughly 4 days a week in industry and 1 day a week teaching initially steel and concrete design. Then I added another unit on sustainable materials. Then I added another unit on architecture, all on a single day a week.
Just under five years ago I stopped designing buildings (something I
really loved) to go full time into teaching, something I loved even more.
So, although I am now in my forties and I have become School Education
Director, I have not actually been full time at the University for very long.
Most of my career I have been a practising engineer. But more than that, I gave
up something I loved to do something I love even more- teach!
Now you understand the background you will hopefully understand the
following comment, I have struggled to apply for funding for teaching because
as far as I could tell the main item I could get funding for was for my time.
As a teaching only member of staff most of my time is spent teaching. So, if my
time is bought out that would surely mean less teaching. But I don’t want to
teach less, if anything, until recently, I have always wanted to teach more
(only a few days ago I was told off for volunteering to teach something)!
So, I have applied two of three times for funding from the University
because it seemed like the right thing to do, but I never had any success,
partly because I am really quite rubbish at writing applications. And partly
because I didn’t really have anything I actually wanted the money for (I often
wondered if I could just apply for a large supply of chocolate to give out to
flagging staff and students on a Friday afternoon). It just seemed a good idea
to apply for funding.
This all changed about 18 months ago when I saw the advert for BILT Fellowships.
Working in a team with other academics from across the University appealed much
more than applying for a simple buyout from my teaching, so I went for it. I
updated my CV, filled in a form, went for an interview and got the post. Which
was fantastic. I am now a BILT Fellow for 30% of my time until the end of this
However, what I discovered was that my teaching load didn’t go down, in
fact it went up! This wasn’t by design- a member of staff went on long term
sick leave and I covered for them at short notice. But, and this a really big
BUT, having the Fellowship did mean that I had a day and a week when I could
say I was working on my pedagogy. I was able to block book my calendar, turn
down meetings, and sit in coffee shops:-
And reading papers.
And drawing large diagrams on A3 spotty paper.
And writing endless blogs.
And visiting other universities (where I also sat in coffee shops).
And in this time and space I was able to dream up the office. I think
the important thing, which I had not realised until then, was that what I
needed was not buyout from teaching, but permission to block book a day a week
where I could focus on something else. To buy-in to some quality thinking and
As part of this time and space dreaming about the project I did then
write a funding proposal. It was only to my school and it was for £3,000. It’s
not a lot of money, but it really has helped. I have used it to buy calculation
pads with my made-up company logo. I have used it to buy books for all the
groups. I have used it to buy stationary and folders and boxes to store
everything in. And most importantly I have used it to buy everyone their own
mug so we can have teas and coffees in the office. I don’t think my application
was any better than in previous years, but as this was only school level I
suspect that there were a lot less applicants – and so my bid was successful.
And so, my takeaway from this project (and my time as a BILT Fellow
especially), is that the most beneficial thing is not the buyout that you get
from other things (whether teaching, admin or research) but the buy in that I
got for having a day where I can concentrate on pedagogy and developing ideas. That
when I stopped focussing on what I didn’t want (to give up teaching) and
started to focus on what I did want (to have time to think and read and write)
I was more successful. But let’s not get carried away, maybe I was less
successful and more content with what I was achieving.
Next week’s episode… is a reading week special. Until then have a good
At some point in Spring 2018 I went for an interview to be a BILT Fellow
in Assessment and Feedback. All went well and I was offered a two-year Fellowship.
But on reflection, I wasn’t sure if I really should be doing Assessment and
Feedback – not because I don’t think it’s important, I do – but because I
realised that having worked on a number of university projects as a practising
engineer I was probably more suited to the other BILT theme, ‘Rethinking Spaces’.
And so, I switched.
Last year, I spent my BILT time digging through literature on space
(alongside all sorts of other things) and dreamt up some fun projects about it.
And from this, ‘The Office’ was born. But it turns out that when you change
space you change a whole load of other things as well. In simple terms, when I
moved from thinking about teaching as lectures and considered it as coming to
work, this raised so many more questions: questions about teaching delivery;
identity; community; authenticity- not just space.
As a result, whilst my main topic is ‘space’, it has taken until Episode
4 to really talk about the physical space because, in short, I had so many
other things to talk about. But this week I want to focus on the actual
Over the course of the last 6 months there were a number of questions to
be answered. Boring, practical questions.
could I base my office?
was it going to fit into the timetable?
would the space look like anything other than a class room with tables grouped
To answer the first two questions, I reached out to a variety of different
staff across the university, I visited different buildings, reviewed different
options, but in the end the solution to both came from Engineering Timetabling
– without whom this project could never have happened. We discussed pragmatic
solutions, like allowing students to be present for core hours – but being able
to go and do other things (like lectures, supervisor meetings or design project
meetings) outside of these. Above all else we started the conversation early in
the year, enabling options to be reviewed and timetabled early in the cycle –
long before official deadlines.
To answer the third question, we started by looking at actual office
spaces across the university campus, but nothing quite worked. And so, we went
back to the old flatbed teaching room, as beloved by engineering (a quick walk
around Queens building will show you just how much we love our flatbed teaching
The room was agreed before the summer break, enabling me to plan the space,
have a trial run and work out the different furniture I needed to beg, steal or
borrow. I made plans. The original plan is outlined below under week 1. There were
a number of key features:
Entrance – To make the space feel more like an office and less like a classroom the first step was to create a different entrance. This was achieved very simply by putting a company sign by the office door, and placing plants either side of the entrance.
Working Space – The working space is laid out as desks in groups. Much like my old companies – tables are in lines – but unlike my old companies where everyone has a computer and at least a table each, here to fit in the number of students we placed groups of 4 students around two tables and there are no computers.
Huddle Space – When working
in industry we used to have a Monday morning huddle – where we would plan the
week ahead – this space would also be the location for lunch time talks. I
created a large space where students could bring their chairs for the huddle.
Breakout Space – In addition to more formal working spaces, I wanted to create a breakout space which students could use to have a pause, discuss ideas, drink a cup of tea, read architecture magazines and generally refresh before cracking on with the next task at hand. It has 4 low chairs – taken from my own office (which now looks very sad) and a low coffee table. There is a couple of magazine racks with the latest issue of engineering and architecture magazines.
Directors’ Tables – When in industry I have always worked in companies where the directors are in the same open plan office space as everyone else, no fancy corner offices with large leather sofas. The theory is that this flattens the hierarchy (which is does) but I also imagine the financial saving from space and furniture is quite attractive. To start with the Directors tables (where a PhD student and myself sit) were located by the huddle space for the simple reason that the tables could be quickly moved making more room to huddle in.
Storage – Finally to keep the illusion alive that this was an office and not a classroom a screen is set up (which students are invited to cover with inspirational images) and behind this all the excess chairs and tables are stored along with the lectern (nothing says lecture more than a lectern) and the giant projector screen. As the screen cannot be used a large TV is now wheeled in for all presentations.
reflection following the first week
Following the first week of delivery there was some immediate feedback
from the students, most notably that there was not enough desk space. In
addition, my plan to huddle did not materialize. Maybe because students were on
heavy static seats rather than seats with wheels which can quickly be moved to
other locations. As a result, the layout in week 2 was revised. More tables
were put out, so groups now had 3 tables each rather than 2. The huddle space
There were some further consequences to this change in the use of the
space in that there was now less furniture to store (all the tables in the room
were being utilized) and as a result the breakout space became much bigger. In
the first week I didn’t notice any groups sit in the comfy chairs, but in week
2 the space was used by a number of different groups during the day. This of
course may be due to the students becoming more familiar with the space and the
fact that one of their projects is much more open ended and so inspiration from
different sources is required. But I also believe the space is now more
We also opted to move the directors table to a more central position, so
we were more in the mix. This didn’t change the number of enquiries during the
day, but I was able to get a better feel for what was happening in the room and
the conversations that were taking place – being in the ‘thick of it’.
Following the end of week 2 students confirmed that they were much
happier with the space. One student requested that we use the large screen as
the TV was harder to see, but I am reluctant to do this as there is still space
for students to move closer if they wish and we would be back to just a flat
bed teaching room if we have a lectern and large screen.
I also wonder if, by moving groups apart (there is a clear gap between
each group now), whether there is a reduced sharing of information across
groups and the groups become more insular, something I am very keen to avoid as
the aim is that all students learn as much as possible. I will monitor in the
weeks ahead. My feeling was, certainly in the first week, that when I shared
some key information with one group – this was being quickly fed to other
groups. For example one of the questions was whether all floor joists should be
the same depth? Once explaining the different arguments to one group I found as
I talked to other groups they presented back to me the same reasoning I had
given, acknowledging that this seemed to be the consensus among others.
So next week as we continue to consider pedagogy and ‘the office’ we
will look at authentic learning. In the spirit of the project if you would like
some pre-reading I would recommend you read ‘Authentic
Learning for the 21st Century: An Overview’ By Marilyn M. Lombardi (Educase 2007).
Check out this snippet of conversation our Student Fellow Zoe Backhouse recorded with a fellow fourth year Liberal Arts student on the topic of assessment. Want to know why Europe’s doing HE better than the UK and why playing Donald Trump in class may not be a bad thing? Read on…
Z: How was your assessment on your year abroad?
A: Well, when I was in Amsterdam it was broken down so much into different areas. It wasn’t all reduced down to an essay because that isn’t the one mode of intelligence in the world.
One of my assessments was I became Federica Mogherini who’s the Foreign Minister for the EU and we played out a simulation of the Middle East. Everybody was a different country – someone was Donald Trump! – and literally I learned so much about applying the theory and the logic and actually putting in a practical sense. I think that’s just so important because university should be about teaching skills that can be transferred to employability.
I also loved how we did presentations abroad. At Utrecht you had to lead a seminar for 45 minutes after a 20 minute presentation. In your presentation you couldn’t just read from a piece of paper like everyone does at Bristol. You would stand and deliver a lesson, not looking down at notes, you’d talk to people and have eye contact. And then you had to lead a discussion amongst your peers.
I found it pretty nerve-wracking and I’m quite a confident public speaker. But that’s because the way we’ve always been indoctrinated here is… it’s just very insular. I don’t know, I just think there is a lack of discussion in general in all forms. Discussion only happens as an internal monologue that gets reproduced in an essay. People can’t have conversations in seminars because they get nervous, because they feel like they’d look stupid. I think you should take that away.
We used to be marked on class participation at Utrecht which was like 20% of the mark. I actually do think that’s really important? In the UK people are so scared of saying something because they think there’s only one right answer. In our education system we’re taught that there’s only one right answer and it’s at the back of the book and don’t look and don’t copy and don’t speak to anyone else about it. But it’s not that. Art is about taking things and reinterpreting them and making them better. So I think discussion has been lost from education.
I did another module called Digital Citizens. And literally, we were just coming in to talk about what was going on in the news that day, we’d all just sit around and have a discussion. One of the requirements of that course was to write a journalistic article which was liberating. And it wasn’t just GCSE journalism, it was like, can you write a legitimate article? So I wrote about how data analytics is perpetuating gender stereotypes.
You did have essays as well because that’s important. It’s just about diversifying assessment, and making people feel more comfortable and able in their abilities as opposed to constantly critiquing people and telling them they’re wrong all the time because they don’t fit one style of system.
Our first teaching story was written by Dr James Norman, BILT Fellow and Senior Teaching Fellow in Civil Engineering.
For many years I worked as a practicing engineer. One of the tools I could not do without as an engineer is a scale rule (a ruler with 4 different scales on). I can stick it on a drawing and know roughly how big something should be and I can draw a quick sketch to scale. However I never bought a scale rule and neither did the company I worked for, we were always given them by other companies, keen to have their logo and product on our desk each and every day. Even though I stopped practicing a few years back I still keep my scale rule close at hand (helpfully it doubled as cutlery the other day when my friend bought a pasta salad and forgot to pick up a spoon).
A couple of years ago we decided to give all our students scale rules. As future engineers we wanted them to start acting like engineers and a scale rule is an essential tool. More than that, we wanted them to feel part of a community of practice, and a scale rule is an essential tool. More than that we wanted them to take their rulers out with them when they graduate, to sit on their desk as a friendly reminder of all that they have brought with them from their time at Bristol university. And hopefully some of them will hand in drawings to scale as well.
Chris Adams is a teaching fellow and first-year coordinator in the School of Chemistry at the University of Bristol, where he has been teaching undergraduates for nearly twenty years. He is interested in all aspects of education, from digital learning to practical chemistry, and was recently awarded a BILT Teaching Innovation Grant to try and get first-years to do some real research.
What are the biggest benefits of near-peer learning?
I think that students really appreciate getting to know fellow students from other year groups. Especially with a first year unit, the older student can pass on a whole host of tips for being a successful student. This mirrors what Imogen Moore has recently talked about in law: students like hearing the voice of other students.
Did you encounter any challenges? How did you overcome them?
I was anticipating challenges to the ‘legitimacy’ of being taught by fellow undergraduates, but that has never happened, possibly because they’re not awarding marks. Also, they’re not really teaching – it’s more that they’re facilitating learning, which is why I always call them facilitators. Timetabling is problematic – trying to get students from two different year groups to the same place at the same time is not straightforward.
Do you think near-peer learning could be effective with other areas of the curriculum?
I think that it’s especially useful for what we call ‘transferable’ skills. I would think long and hard before using a similar scheme to teach academic knowledge, though there are many examples of instructor-led near-peer teaching sessions where students help teach factual knowledge, with an academic present to provide oversight and fill in the gaps.
What advice would you give to staff who wanted to set up a similar project?
Make sure that you’ve got a reliable group of facilitators, and write a ‘lesson plan’ for every session. Then, go through each session beforehand with them as participants so that they experience it as a student.
What one film/book/resource would you like to share with the academic community?
I like Graham Gibbs ‘53 powerful ideas’ series, available at https://www.seda.ac.uk/53-powerful-ideas. Bite size chunks of deep teaching wisdom which should be compulsory reading for anybody teaching in HE.
If you could change one thing about HE in the UK what would it be?
Student fees. When I went to University I went purely because I was interested in chemistry, and my only goal was to learn as much about it as possible. Nowadays, students end up with such a huge debt that there is tremendous pressure on them to do well and get a well-paid job, and that pressure is detrimental to their well-being.
Who was your favourite teacher at school/university and why?
My chemistry teachers at school, Mr Herrett and Mr Waugh. Both of them were old-school masters who delighted in setting fire to things, preferably with as much coloured smoke as possible, and who didn’t get too upset when I blew the bin up, or pointed the Bunsen burner at their hand.